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Health and Fitness

Gum Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Have you noticed a little bit of blood in your mouth when you brush your teeth? This could be a sign that you have gum disease.Gingivitis is the milder form. If you have this, your gums will be infected. The infection can spread below the gum line to your bone if you don’t get it treated. Periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease, can develop.Read More: Montclair Dentist


If you are able to identify the problem and get it treated. Before it becomes serious, you can prevent it from getting worse. If you notice any of these signs, take note.

Red, Swollen Gums:This is one of the signs that your gums require attention. Erik Sahl DDS assistant professor of periodontics, Loma Linda University, says that gum diseases usually start at the gum line. They can also be tender, painful, and easily bleed when you floss or brush.

Bad breath Your mouth is a warm and moist place for millions of bacteria. Plaque is their main food source, so the more you have the better. Sahl states that bacteria can cause irritation to the gums and teeth, and produce a foul-smelling odor.This can also be a sign of serious gum disease. Gingivitis can cause your breath to change little.Gums that shrink: If your teeth appear longer than they did before, it’s likely your gums aren’t growing.

Sahl states that “[when] bone starts breaking down, the gums begin separating from the teeth, creating a pocket.” This is receding gums.

Sensitive Teeth: If you feel numb after taking a cold beverage, it could be that your teeth are telling you something. This is a sign of gum disease, which often occurs in conjunction with shrinking gums. Sahl states that receding gums expose the sensitive tooth’s dentin, which can cause sensitive teeth when exposed cold water or air.

Do you notice a change in your smile? Are your teeth wavy or shifting? Gum disease can cause your teeth to move or loosen due to damage to the bones. Periodontitis is the most common cause. It can also affect how your teeth fit together when you bite. Find out more about the options for adults to straighten their teeth.


Your goal is to manage your infection. To determine where to begin, your dentist will examine the affected area.

Deep Cleaning: The first line of treatment for gum diseases is a thorough, thorough cleaning.

Deep cleaning is done below the gum line. This is in contrast to a regular cleaning that takes place above the gumline. Sahl states that special tools may also be used by the dentist.

Root planing is also a procedure that they may perform. This is when the rough surfaces of your roots are smoothed. This helps your gums to reattach to the tooth.

Each method may require more than one visit.

Treatment:There is no cure for gum disease. Sahl states that there aren’t any miracle pills or creams. Your dentist may recommend medication to help you.

There are many options:

Antiseptic microspheres or chip: These tiny particles or gels are inserted into the pockets of your gum. And slowly release the medication over time. This helps reduce the size of your pocket and eliminate bacteria.

Antibiotic Gel: After deep cleaning, you can apply this gel to your gum pockets to control infection.Enzyme suppressant: This tablet is taken after deep cleaning in order to prevent certain enzymes. From causing damage to your gum tissue.Surgery If deep cleaning is not enough to solve the problem, it may be necessary to do more extensive work. Your dentist may recommend:

Gum Graft Surgery: A surgeon removes tissue from your mouth (like your palate), and covers any exposed root to prevent bone loss and decay.

Flap surgery The surgeon lifts your gums so that they can reach the tartar below your gum line. To prevent tartar formation, they will then sew your gum to the tooth.

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